The methods used in the picking of orders in a warehouse it perhaps the most manual of all other warehouse activities. The labor intensive activity often revolves around restocking the shelves. Once the buyers empty them again, the system of passing down messages back and forth from the warehouse to the store. Eventually, the shelves stay stocked and the customer stays happy. The need for a sufficiently working system has always been a major goal in any company. Ensuring that companies reduce the cost of production also implies that the warehouse has to have an efficient system.
The human element in the warehouse has always created a lot of problems for the management in a company and eventually, automated systems are always introduced to replace the inefficient sectors in the warehouse. Some human systems, however, are capable of working just as perfectly as automated ones, but the cost to maintain them becomes too high for a warehouse. Listed below are some of the choices implemented in warehouses and the benefits they come with.
Case picking system is the least used and least diverse. They have a lot of limitations when it comes to the weight they can handle and the frequency of load picking. They are found in a variety of warehouses not just small ones, they have the advantage if integrated with a storage and retrieval system. Other machinery they can employ in their use are pallet racks as a way of storing the products. They don’t vary a lot to unit load systems which also incorporate pallet racks but is much more limited when the storage options come into play.
These two options however when faced up with the piece picking system fall short of satisfactory. The order picking system incorporates a lot of equipment to boost its productivity. These could include conveyor belts and barcode scanners that all work automatically. The whole system is implemented with the size of the warehouse in mind. These efforts are all in the name of cutting costs, but they do come with their added disadvantages.
They can eventually become very complicated if not optimized on a regular basis. These automated systems will always need more skilled labor who will need better pay, something the company might see as pointless, especially if productivity isn’t increased. These systems have another limit, they cost more to expand. This means that when the time comes and production increases if the system was a manual one, additional manpower would have been easier to acquire.